Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural by G. E. R. Lloyd PDF

By G. E. R. Lloyd

Western philosophy and technological know-how are liable for developing a few strong instruments of research, aiming at researching the reality, supplying powerful reasons, verifying conjectures, exhibiting that inferences are sound and demonstrating effects conclusively. in contrast reasoning that depends upon analogies has frequently been seen with suspicion. Professor Lloyd first explores the origins of these Western beliefs, criticises a few of their excesses and redresses the stability in favour of looser, admittedly non-demonstrative analogical reasoning. For this he is taking examples either from historical Greek and chinese language suggestion and from the fabrics of modern ethnography to teach how diversified old and smooth cultures have constructed diversified varieties of reasoning. He additionally develops unique yet arguable principles, that of semantic stretch (to solid doubt at the literal/metaphorical dichotomy) and the multidimensionality of fact (to skip the realism as opposed to relativism and nature as opposed to nurture controversies).

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Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Reasoning by G. E. R. Lloyd

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